The Lamwo district in northern Uganda is heavily shaped by twenty years of civil war, which ended in 2006. When the villages were subsequently rebuilt, the region's natural resources were severely degraded. Far-reaching impacts on the ecosystem are the result, most notably are the land degradation and deforestation. In addition, altered climatic conditions are affecting the living conditions of the people in the region. These circumstances make the success of agricultural cultivation a challenge and access to sufficient and qualitative food is difficult for large parts of the population.
According to UNHCR, the district was home to 32,000 refugees from the neighboring country of South Sudan in 2018, as well as a large number of internally displaced persons. The political situation in South Sudan remains unstable, so more refugees continue to arrive in the country. Most of them are given a piece of land by the government to be able to live and farm there. The increasing utilisation of the farmland and the surrounding ecosystems is also the cause of many conflicts that arise between the migrants and the host communities.
Patriarchal structures are still very much in place in Uganda and violence against women is widespread. Forced sexual contact and sexual exploitation have far-reaching consequences: The number of unwanted pregnancies and abortions is high. In addition, many women find it difficult to access family planning and sexual/reproductive health services.
Together with our local partner organization UCOBAC, we support exchange of different people and communities and strenghten social cohesion. This promises long-term sustainable success.
Farmers learn together in groups how to cultivate kitchen gardens, they receive fruit trees and nutritious seeds. In addition to knowledge about balanced nutrition and climate-adapted cultivation technologies, the groups also discuss family planning, gender equality and energy-saving stoves. The members disseminate and share their new knowledge with their environment - so their family members and neighbors also benefit from the skills they have learned. The farmers' groups also function as savings associations and make it possible to take out small loans for sensible investments and thus create new income opportunities. The creation of new sources of income makes the families more resilient in the event of a social or economic crisis, such as the one caused by the corona pandemic.
A meeting of refugees and locals takes place in the so-called grassroots academy. The groups of farmers of the refugees or host communities send representatives who exchange ideas and network with each other at these meetings. The exchange promotes communication and mutual understanding and helps the participants to find solutions to conflicts together.
The issue of women's empowerment plays a role in various social structures. It is addressed in the farmers' groups, but also by local health teams and multipliers. They provide information on sexual and reproductive health and are active in the fight against violence against women. The aim is to empower women to make decisions, to reduce ( sexual) violence and to give them access to family planning methods.
Within the framework of our project, the partner organization UCOBAC is supported in developing its capacities. For this purpose, trainings for the employees are carried out. A special emphasis is put on monitoring and evaluation of the projects.
|Project||Displaced people and the host communities in the Lamwo district are supported and strengthened through improved food security and living conditions, empowered women and more social cohesion|
|Place/Region||Lamwo District, Palabek Ogili Refugee Camp + Palabek Gem|
|Partner||Uganda Community Based Association for Women and Children Welfare (UCOBAC)|
Refugees and their host communities, a total of 5,743 people
|Duration||October 2019 – December 2022|