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Reconstruction after hurricanes in Mozambique

Mozambique was largely destroyed by hurricanes Idai and Kenneth in 2019. In 2020 and 2021, two more storms exacerbated the situation enormously. Many people lost their homes and are still waiting for assistance in temporary camps. The regions also suffer from the effects of the COVID pandemic and violent conflicts. AWO International has set itself the goal of strengthening the affected families together with Solidar Suisse.

Participants at a food processing workshop. (Photo: AWO International/Solidar Suisse)
Participants at a food processing workshop. (Photo: AWO International/Solidar Suisse)

Cyclone Idai 2019 was one of the most severe cyclones to hit the African continent to date. More than 1,300 people have died - making Idai go down in history as the second deadliest cyclone. Thousands lost their homes. As a result of the subsequent cyclone Kenneth, thousands of people had to be evacuated once again.


Mozambique ranks tenth in the world in terms of countries most affected by natural disasters, yet the storms hit the country unexpectedly. The heavily debt-ridden country is dependent on international solidarity and assistance for the reconstruction. AWO International is also working with local partners to improve disaster preparedness.


More than half of the population lives in absolute poverty. The country belongs to the economically least developed and most indebted countries worldwide. Most people work in agriculture. AWO International therefore supports Mozambicans in building up structures for self-sufficiency. This opens up new perspectives for the families. 


Mozambique has also been fighting Islamist terror since 2017, particularly in the northern region of Cabo Delgado. In March 2020, there was an outbreak of violence motivated by Islamism. Although this was contained, 87 people were killed and the group has not yet been dismantled. In addition, there are conflicts with the armed militia RENAMO. This mixture of fear of violence and the destruction caused by natural disasters is forcing many people to flee. 


In addition to the damage and violent conflicts, the Corona pandemic has been ravaging the country since March 2020. Not even as much as one-fifth of the population has been vaccinated against the virus. Due to the imposed restrictions, the pandemic has also had economic implications. The poorest and most vulnerable families are suffering the most, especially from the shortage of food. Therefore, the support of rural farmers and communities is significant for the recovery and reconstruction of the country. This is one of the objectives of AWO International and Solidar Suisse in Mozambique. 


Mozambique has an inadequate public health system, according to the WHO. More than half of the deaths are due to transmissible diseases such as tuberculosis and cholera. Displaced people in particular have little to resist these diseases, as they lack access to both clean drinking water and the health care system. In the camps for displaced people, AWO International is therefore working with Solidar Suisse to provide access to sanitary facilities, permanent housing, schools as well as health centers. 


The project is being carried out with Solidar Suisse, which has been active in Mozambique since 1984. The nonprofit organization supports the district authorities in training local disaster management committees. After Cyclone Idai, Solidar Suisse provided access to drinking water for 15,000 people in the emergency relief camps, for example.

Our project contributes to achieving these sustainable development goals. For more information on the global sustainability agenda, please visit our Sustainable Development page.


Project Strengthening the resilience of families affected by disasters and crises in Mozambique.
Place/Region Mozambique Sussundenga (Manica), Búzi (Sofala), Gondola (Manica), Chiure/Ancuabe, Cabo Delgado
Partner Solidar Suisse and local partner organizations
Target group Families affected by cyclones or armed conflict, people with special needs who are affected by cyclones or armed conflict, people displaced by armed conflict in Cabo Delgado
Duration 01.07.2021 – 31.12.2021
Budget Total project volume: 336.262,00 CHF (=322.461,92 EUR) Project share AWO International: 25.000 EUR
Sponsor Aktion Deutschland Hilft

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